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Die Chronologie des Web according to Pew Research

Weil wir es garantiert nicht besser hätten machen können, präsentieren wir hier die Web-Chronologie, die das Pew Research Internet Project liebevoll zusammengestellt hat. Es enthält die wichtigsten Meilensteine und ist Dank der vielen Links und einiger eingestreuter Videos immer wieder gut zum Nachschauen. 

Since its founding in 1989, the World Wide Web has touched the lives of billions of people around the world and fundamentally changed how we connect with others, the nature of our work, how we discover and share news and new ideas, how we entertain ourselves and how communities form and function.

The timeline below is the beginning of an effort to capture both the major milestones and small moments that have shaped the Web since 1989. It is a living document that we will update with your contributions. To suggest an item to add to the timeline, please message us.

1989

1990

  • 42% of American adults have used a computer.
  • World’s first website and server go live at CERN, running on Tim Berners-Lee’s NeXT computer, which bears the message “This machine is a server. DO NOT POWER DOWN!”
    800px-First_Web_Server
    The NeXT Computer used by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN. (Wikipedia)
  • Tim Berners-Lee develops the first Web browser WorldWideWeb.
  • Archie, the first tool to search the internet is developed by McGill University student Alan Emtage.

1991

  • xcoffeeResearchers rig up a live shot of a coffee pot so they could tell from their computer screens when a fresh pot had been brewed. Later connected to the World Wide Web, it becomes the first webcam.

1992

  • The term “surfing the internet” is coined and popularized.
  • LHC5
    Credit: Silvano de Gennaro / CERN

    Tim Berners-Lee posts the first photo, of the band “Les Horribles Cernettes,” on the Web.

  • The line-mode browser launches. It is the first readily accessible browser for the World Wide Web.

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

  • Only 3% of internet users say they got most of their information about the 9/11 attacks and the aftermath from the internet.
  • The average internet user spends 83 minutes online.
  • Jimmy Wales launches Wikipedia. Users write over 20,000 encyclopedia entries in the first year.

2002

  • 55 million people now go online from work and 44% of those who have internet access at work say their use of the internet helps them do their jobs.
  • Screenshot by Wired
    Screenshot by Wired

    Social networking site Friendster.com launches, but is quickly overtaken by Facebook.

  • Microsoft launches Xbox Live, its online multiplayer gaming service.”Critics scoffed at the idea, noting how uncommon broadband connections were at the time.”

2003

  • Credit: CNET
    Credit: CNET

    Apple launches the iTunes Music Store with 200,000 songs at 99¢ each. The store sells one million songs in its first week.

  • Skype, a voice-over-IP calling and instant messaging service, launches and quickly becomes a verb, as in “Skype me.”
  • Professional networking site LinkedInlaunches.
  • MySpace.com is founded and quickly adopted by musicians seeking to share music and build their fan bases.
  • President George W. Bush signs the CAN-SPAM Act into law, establishing the first national standards for the sending of commercial email.
  • WordPress blog publishing system created.

2004

2005

  • 8% of adult American internet users say they participate in sports fantasy leaguesonline.
  • 9% of internet users (13 million Americans) went online to donate money to the victims of Gulf Coast hurricanes Katrina and Rita.
  • About one-in-six online adults – 25 million people – have sold something online.
  • Broadband connections surpass dial-up connections.
  • Community news site Reddit is founded. It is bought by Conde Nast a year later for $20 million.
  • Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp. buys MySpace for $580 million and sells it in 2011 for $35 million.
  • YouTube is founded on Valentine’s Day. The first video, an explanation of what’s cool about elephants, is uploaded by co-founder Jawed Karim on April 23. Google acquires the company a year later.
http://youtu.be/jNQXAC9IVRw/video]
2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

 

2014

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